Below you will find a how to video on pouring
and finishing concrete steps.
At the bottom of page you will find simple
how to step by step instructions on how to
pour concrete steps, along with some tips.
If you still need more info, try the links on the
left side of the page.
In This How To Video, You Will learn How To Pour Concrete Steps
Here is your step by step written How To DIY instructions for
Pouring Concrete Steps
Follow Links To Left for more Detailed Info.
GETTING WHAT YOU NEED..
*DETERMINE HOW MUCH LUMBER YOU NEED, AND GATHER YOUR TOOLS.
*DETERMINE HOW MUCH CONCRETE IS NEEDED AND DETERMINE IF YOU WILL ORDER CONCRETE, BUY
BAGS OF CONCRETE OR IF YOU WILL MIX YOUR OWN CONCRETE FROM RAW MATERIALS.
*GATHER YOUR TOOLS, USUALLY BUCKET, WHEEL BARROW, FLOAT HAMMER, NAILS, LUMBER, RAW MATERIALS,
EDGER, SHOVEL AND WATER SOURCE. (AND ALWAYS GLOVES AND EYE PROTECTION)
first step FORMING.. (how to form steps, tips on forming)
Steps are formed using either 2 x 6 lumber or 2 x 8 lumber.. usually 2 x 8 lumber is used in a standared 7.5' step.. When
forming start by forming the bottom step first and then use that as a base to form your next step... remember to reinforce
your forms because the weight of the concrete can make your forms give and then you will have a mess, and no concrete
steps.. a tip you can use is to also use form oil on the inside of your boards to make it easier to strip your concrete
boards once the project is finished.. if you dont have form oil, you can always use motor oil but make sure that its just a
very thin film not to damage the quality of your concrete surface.
Mixing Cement for concrete Steps and Stairs
Use the right mix for the project. If you buy concrete in bags, read the label and make sure it's at least 4000 psi strength
with gravel or stone. If you want it delivered on a truck, just tell the ready mix supplier that you're pouring steps and they
will know the best mix to send.
Whether you use bags or have the concrete delivered depends on how much work you feel like doing and how much you
feel like spending... Using bags means more labor. Buying from ready mix companies the cost is significantly higher.
Don't make the concrete too wet... or it will take forever to dry, Follow instructions on the bag when mixing. Ordred truck
mixed concrete should be ordered with a slump of 5 or less. Step Concrete Should be less wet and less soupy than
concrete for a slab.
Pouring Your Concrete Steps or Stairs..
When you pour concrete steps, start at the bottom step and work your way up. As you pour, use a spade shovel and
drop the concrete next to the forms. This helps prevent voids and air pockets against the forms. Use your float to gently
shift and juke the concrete down in order to make sure it is conpressed an no large voids exist.. Strike off the excess
concrete. Once the bottom step is filled, use a rubber mallet or hammer and tap lightly but repeatedly on the sides of the
forms... note (LIGHTLY and GENTLY TAP) This brings the cream (cement paste) to outer edges of the concrete, which
furthur eliminates air pockets. It also makes it much easier to finish the faces and sides of the step.
Finishing Touches, and Stripping Boards off Concrete Steps
Continue upward until the top step is poured. Then repeat the process above for each step, Once steps are complete let
set up... When the steps are completely poured, smooth out the surfaces with a hand float. Run a concrete edging tool
along the front and sides to round the edges.. Also you may want to put a broom finish across the tread of the steps to
allow for traction. If you want a nice finish you will need to strip steps while still wet, make sure the concrete is hard
enough to strip before starting to take boards away or you will allow the concrete to sag or sink.. the concrete needs to
be stiff and keep shape but with the surface still a bit workable.. If you want to be safe and dont mind about the finish that
much, you can wait until the next day to strip your boards.
If you find voids in the concrete after stripping the boards you can mix some patching cement and fill them in.